MOM-Mars Orbiter Mission

What is Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)?

Ans The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the ISRO.It is India’s first interplanetary mission and it made it the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after Roscosmos, NASA, and the European Space Agency. It made India the first Asian nation to reach Martian orbit and the first nation in the world to do so on its maiden attempt.

The Mars Orbiter Mission probe lifted-off from the First Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota Range SHAR), Andhra Pradesh, using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket C25 at 09:08 UTC on 5 November 2013. The launch window was approximately 20 days long and started on 28 October 2013. The MOM probe spent about a month in Earth orbit, where it made a series of seven apogee-raising orbital manoeuvres before trans-Mars injection on 30 November 2013 (UTC). After a 298-day transit to Mars, it was inserted into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.

The mission is a “technology demonstrator” project to develop the technologies for designing, planning, management, and operations of an interplanetary mission.It carries five scientific instruments. The spacecraft is currently being monitored from the Spacecraft Control Centre at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bengaluru with support from the Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) antennae at Byalalu, Karnataka.

Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Magalyaan was successfully placed in the Red planet rbit on the very first attempt. The Tryst with the red planet came 10 months after the Isro launched its first orbiter to Mars on November 5, 2013. But the final critical movement was on September 24 when the main liquid Apogee Motor and the 8 small thrusters ignited simultaneously and enabled the manoeuvre. All the engines fired falsely 24 minutes and reduced the space crafts velocity by 1.09 km/s; this contained the spacecraft in the orbit around Mars. PM Narendra Modi was present at the command centre of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in Bengluru. To wittness the space history in making by India with this grand success, India joined the US, European Space Agency and the former Soviet Union in the elite club of Martian explorers.

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