GDPR FULL FORM
GDPR – General Data Protection Regulation
What is General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)?
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a legal framework that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information from individuals who live in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). The data subject has the right to revoke this consent at any time.
It also addresses the transfer of personal data outside the EU and EEA areas.
GDPR has replaced the Data Protection Directive. It was a European Union directive adopted in 1995 which regulates the processing of personal data within the European Union. It is an important component of EU privacy and human rights law.
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR Full Form) was adopted in April 2016, has superseded the Data Protection Directive and became enforceable starting on 25 May 2018.
What are the changes made in GDPR as compare to Data Protection Directive?
There are mainly two key differences between GDPR and Data Protection Directive.
- There is no principle for individuals’ rights. This is now dealt with separately in Chapter III of the GDPR;
there is no principle for international transfers of personal data. This is now dealt with separately in Chapter V of the GDPR.
- There is a new accountability principle. This specifically requires you to take responsibility for complying with the principles, and to have appropriate processes and records in place to demonstrate that you comply.
What is the GDPR 2018?
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), agreed upon by the European Parliament and Council in April 2016, will replace the Data Protection Directive 95/46/ec in Spring 2018 as the primary law regulating how companies protect EU citizens’ personal data. Because it was come into presence in 2018 so its known as GDPR 2018.
What are the 7 principles of GDPR?
Article 5 of the GDPR sets out seven key principles:
- Lawfulness Fairness and transparency
- Purpose limitation
- Data minimization
- Storage limitation
- Integrity and confidentiality (security)
What are GDPR Rights?
GDPR Rights of Individuals
- Right to be informed
- Right of access
- Right to rectification
- Right to erasure/to be forgotten
- Right to restrict processing
- Right to data portability
- Right to object and rights in relation to automated decision making and profiling.